Disability: The term “disability” means, with respect to an individual-a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities of such an individual (42 U.S. Code § 12102).
Functional Limitations: A restriction in the ability to perform an activity or a task in an efficient, typically expected, or competent manner.
Major Life Activities: Major life activities include, but are not limited to, caring for oneself, performing manual tasks, seeing, hearing, eating, sleeping, walking, standing, lifting, bending, speaking, breathing, learning, reading, concentrating, thinking, communicating and working (42 U.S. Code § 12102).
Reasonable Accommodations: Reasonable accommodations are modifications or adjustments to the tasks, environment or to the way things are usually done that enable individuals with disabilities to have an equal opportunity to participate in an academic program or a job (U.S. Department of Education, 2007). Under the Americans with Disabilities Act (A.D.A.), the university in not required to fundamentally alter its programs, activities and/or services. Fundamental alteration means a change that significantly alters the essential nature of the program.